Humanitarian Negotiation Series: Negotiation with Non-State Armed Groups at the Frontlines
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This podcast will explore and address specific challenges and dilemmas that humanitarian workers face when negotiating with non-state armed groups, and discuss practical tools and methods that would strengthen humanitarian operations and negotiation capacity in complex environments. Through discussions with experts and practitioners, the conversation will focus on field perspectives and practices in negotiating with non-state armed groups, perceptions of non-state actors of humanitarian agencies, and the complexities of understanding the structures and interests of armed groups. It will examine some key questions including:
- What are the most salient challenges and dilemmas of engaging with non-state armed groups? How can frontline negotiators address these?
- How do humanitarian negotiators balance the objectives and outputs of their mission with ethical concerns that may be inherent in engagement with non-state actors?
- What strategies exist for humanitarian negotiators to build trust with non-state armed groups while maintaining legitimacy, especially with regard to host states?
- How do non-state armed groups perceive humanitarian actors? How do negotiators manage these perceptions and expectations, or clarify misperceptions?
- Where is the red line between the negotiable and the non-negotiable? How are these lines drawn and communicated?
- What tools, methods, or policies are needed to enhance the capacity of humanitarian negotiators at the frontline, particularly those engaging with non-state actors?
Strategic Advisor, International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)
Stig Jarle Hansen
Research Fellow, International Security Program
Abdi Ismail Isse
Master's in Public Administration Candidate,
Harvard Kennedy School
Research Associate with the Humanitarian Policy Group, Overseas Development Institute
- Ashley Jackson, “In Their Words: Perceptions of Armed Non-State Actors on Humanitarian Action,” Geneva: Geneva Call (2016), http://genevacall.org/wp-content/uploads/dlm_uploads/2016//09/WHS_Report_2016_web.pdf.
- Ashley Jackson, “Negotiating perceptions: Al-Shabaab and Taliban views of aid agencies.” HPG Policy Brief, Humanitarian Policy Group (2014), https://www.odi.org/publications/8662-humanitarian-negotiations-armed-groups-taliban-al-shabaab-afghanistan-somalia.
- "Engaging armed groups," International Review of the Red Cross (883), September 2011, https://www.icrc.org/en/international-review/engaging-armed-groups.
- John Amble, "5 Questions with Stig Jarle Hansen on the State of Al-Shabaab," War on the Rocks, (7 April 2014), http://warontherocks.com/2014/04/5-questions-with-stig-jarle-hansen-on-the-state-of-al-shabaab/.